Great Pyramid Secret Shafts of Cheops
For this posting, in order to have a sound basis for understanding the discussion, it is essential to read the index page at
As far as the cupmarks in the secret shafts of Cheops are concerned, the builders
marked certain blocks of stone so that the foremen and their workers
would put the blocks in the right place on the pyramid and - even
more importantly - with the intended corners also in the right
places. If you have a six-sided rectangular block of stone, there
are 8 possible positions in placing this stone.
If the sides are A,B,C and D and the ends are E and F, then
for end E forward any of the sides A,B,C and D can point upwards and
the same is true for end F forward. If the blocks are perfectly
rectangular or serve no special function, then it does not matter of
course, but this becomes critical for finer construction work.
In the case of the markings at the end of the shaft in the Cheops
Pyramid, the markings surely served as "notes" for the star watchers
who marked the stellar positions visible to them (this of course was
done when the shafts still had an open outlet to the sky at the
position of the secret chamber and before the pyramid was "topped
That some kind of marking was required in order to avoid chaos on the
building site is clear - there are two-and-a-half MILLION blocks of
stone in the Great pyramid - differing in size depending on where
they are and weighing from 2 to 70 tons apiece (see Peter Tompkins,
Secrets of the Great Pyramid).
When people speak of the building of the great pyramids they tend to ignore the problems of simple but necessary logistics. It is not enough just to cut blocks at the quarry - people had to have instructions all along the way - sizing
the stones, transporting the stones to the right spot on the pyramid
and placing the stones at the proper positions. Some kind of
labelling and communication along the entire path from quarry to
pyramid was essential.
What about the purpose of the shafts? Nothing shows the incompetence
of mainstream Egyptology in this field more than their
previous "establishment" view of these shafts as "air ventilaton
shafts" - which is absolute nonsense, and which has been proven as absolute nonsense by the recent discovery of a secret chamber at the end of one of the shafts.
As Tompkins writes in his Secrets of the Great Pyramid (pp. 133-137)
way back in 1971:
"A glance at the outlines and cross sections of the pyramids of
Saqqara, Dashur and Medum will show that, like ancient British
observatories, each had a sighting passage pointed at a northern
star. The passage ended in an observation chamber with a corbeled
roof with a small opening just at ground level, presumably for
sighting a star directly overhead at the zenith, or for lowering a
plumb line to coincide with a line sighted down the sloping passage."
Tompkins wrote that piece long before the books of Bauval and Hancock.
The same closed-mindedness as found in Egyptology is also found in mainstream Archaeology.
Tompkins continues that last paragraph as follows:
"The similarity [of the pyramids] to the structure at Maes-Howe [Orkneys, Scotland] is indeed amazing. Yet Maes-Howe has also been considered as nothing but a burial chamber. A recent writer on Maes-Howe discarded the
theory that the mound might have had astronomical significance,
saying that the belief is accepted by no "serious student of
Indeed, mainstream Egyptologists and archaeologists have taken
delight in calling people who saw astronomical significance in these
constructions as "Pyramidiots".
Let me say clearly and for all the world to hear that the only
Pyramidiots out there are the vast majority of mainstream
Egyptologists and archaeologists.
There are in fact serious issues here. Why in the Great Pyramid do
the shafts bend rather than being perfectly straight Did they use
some kind of reflectors as mirrors - and why? Where were the
measurements made? and at what stages in the course of building the
pyramid were such measurements made? Were corrections made for the motion of stars and resulting displacement in the course of the time it took to build a pyramid?
These are the kinds of questions which the mainstream scientists
should be addressing - not whether these shafts were "air shafts".
Many questions, by the way, are answered by Tompkins in his
book Secrets of the Great Pyramid, in my estimation the best book ever written on the pyramids - though even he has many theories, suppositions,
myths, and errors. But in comparison to the erroneous pablum written
by the Egyptologists and archaeologists up to now, Tompkins is gold.
He is at least "scratching at the truth". The mainstream has
been "scratching away the truth." That is a significant difference.
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