Thursday, August 12, 2004

Ancient Geodetic Measure - Russia - Egypt - Mycenae

Ancient Geodetic Measure - Russia - Egypt - Mycenae

Tompkins writes of an ancient geodetic measure and has many references to it. Below are some I have selected:


(next to this gate is a so-called "Grave Circle" of stone blocks
arranged in a circle)

Tompkins writes (p. 353):
"...the relief consists of a column between two facing lions. The column is sandwiched between two sets of parallel horizontal lines. At the bottom the column rests on a support on which three parallel lines are strongly marked. These three lines are the same three lines which occur in the hieroglyphic symbol for Southern Egypt; they represent the tropic of Cancer". The column represents the three basic meridians of Egypt...."


Tompkins writes further about the three meridians (p. 346):

Beginning from [a] base line [a line identified by Tompkins at ca. 45 degrees along the north side of the Black Sea from the mouth of the Danube, across Crimea to the foot of the Caucasus], Russia was surveyed [in ancient days] for a length of 10 degrees, along the three meridians which formed the three axes of Egypt, up to a latitude [of what Tompkins says is ca. 55 degrees but which we know from the megalithic site on the White Sea to extend to near the Arctic Circle]. The River Dnieper was understood to be a symmetric counterpart of the Nile, running between the same meridians. Key positions along the course of the Dnieper were identified with corresponding key positions along the course of the Nile, up to the point of transferring Egyptian place names to Russia [note by AK - this process is in my opinion actually the reverse]. The information about the existence of this geodetic system is provided by the description of a map of Russia which is based on it. The description of the map indicates that it was used at the end of the sixth century B.C., but the map may be older; in any case there are other sources of information about the base line which indicate that it was marked in very early times."

This all supports my view that the Great Pyramid is at a key
position in an ancient geodetic system which preceded the pyramids,
but which we find around the world in the megaliths.


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Pharaonic Egypt Stretching the Cord

Pharaonic Egypt Stretching the Cord

This continues my postings on "background information" to properly understand the Great Pyramid of Cheops at Giza [Latvian gaissa "in the sky"] in Egypt.

Tompkins in his Secrets of the Great Pyramid writes at pp. 380 and
381 as follows:

" appears that there was drawn a plan of the Great Pyramid which included the calculation of the stars to be observed in order to obtain the direction of the north. After this plan was drawn, the ground of the Pyramid had to be cleared in order to proceed to the ceremony called "stretching the cord," which for the Egyptians was the equivalent of our laying of the first stone. This ceremony had the purpose of establishing the direction of true north and, as the Egyptians saw it, suspending the building from the sky by tying the building with an imaginary string to the axis of rotation of the vault of heaven."

How was north determined? Tompkins writes (p. 380):
"If my interpretation of Egyptian sky charts is correct [it is so in my opinion - AK], the line that indicates the north used to be marked so as to pass through the celestial pole AND through the pole of the ecliptic."

For the solar eclipse of July 25, 2430 BC on the Nile Delta this line - according to the Heifetz precessional planisphere - runs straight through the stars Zosma (Duhr) and Chort in Leo (the Sphinx) which are represented by the King's and Queen's Chamber, as shown at

In fact the west face of the Great Pyramid "is not oriented to the north, but is oriented 2'30" west of true north." This deviation from orientation to the north is, according to Tompkins, the result of the precession of the equinoxes from the date of the first plan to the actual laying of the first stone - since precession of the equinoxes "displaces the star taken as the polar star in practical calculations to the the west at a rate of about 50" a year.

It is this rate of precession which the Great Pyramid was intended to calculate exactly.

As Tompkins writes at page 382 in concluding his book:
"I have collected a mass of numerical evidence which shows that the inhabitants of the ancient world were acquainted with the rate of the precession of the equinoxes [and solstices] and attached a major significance to it."

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Pharaonic Egypt and the Law of King Athelstan

Pharaonic Egypt and the Law of King Athelstan

King Athelstan was, according to the Encyclopaedia Britannica, the "first West Saxon king to have effective rule over the whole of England".

People wonder that a person trained in law and evidence such as myself is interested in ancient history - but law has a great deal to do with ancient history - and mainstream scholars in the field of ancient history, not being trained in law OR evidence, have really botched it all up terribly. The Tablets of Ebla contain many laws and should not be left to the realm solely of archaeology. The Code of Hammurabi [sic, Hammurabi is a misreading of Abraham, backwards] is a code of laws.

As the Britannica states under Athelstan:
"Six of Athelstan's extant codes of law reveal stern efforts to suppress theft and punish corruption. They are notable in containing provisions intended to comfort the destitute and mitigate the punishment of young offenders. The form and language of his many documents suggest the presence of a corps of skilled clerks and perhaps the beginning of the English civil service."

One of the laws of Athelstan defined the length of the English foot.
As written by Tompkins in the Secrets of the Great Pyramid (p. 344):

"The text of this law is included in the standard collections of medieval English laws. The words of law of Athelstan were repeated exactly in the legislation about measures [i.e. in the sense of weights and measures] issued by King Henry I.... Athelstan prescribed that the king's girth shall extend from the royal residence for a distance of 3 miles, 3 furlongs, 9 acres, 9 feet, 9 palms, and 9 barleycorns. The King's girth was the area considered a direct extension of the King's place of residence and as such the area in which the King's peace was in force. This was the area in which attacks on private persons were crimes against the Crown [we retain this as "refuge" and "sanctuary" in modern times, e.g. people
seeking refuge in embassies or churches]. The picturesque language of the law means that the King's girth extends for a radius of 18,250 feet, since it is a matter of the following units:

.....mile....................5280 feet [x 3]
.....furlong..................600 feet [x 3]
.....acre......................66 feet [x 9]
.....palm......................3/4 foot [lengthwise?] [x 9]
.....barleycorn................1/3 inch [x 9]

... My understanding [this is still Tompkins writing] of the law of King Athelstan is that the radius of the King's girth extended 6 minutes or 1/10 of degree from north to south. This implies that a degree was understood to be 365,000 English feet [note that this was made a multiple of 365], which is the length of the degree at the latitude of towns like Winchester...."

Tompkins then goes to show that this system of geodetic measure - rooted in an ancient measure of the Earth - is remarkably similar to that used in Pharaonic Egypt, a system which was astronomically anchored by the exact measurements made possible by the pyramids.


Great Pyramid Secret Shafts of Cheops

Great Pyramid Secret Shafts of Cheops

For this posting, in order to have a sound basis for understanding the discussion, it is essential to read the index page at

and also or and

As far as the cupmarks in the secret shafts of Cheops are concerned, the builders
marked certain blocks of stone so that the foremen and their workers
would put the blocks in the right place on the pyramid and - even
more importantly - with the intended corners also in the right
places. If you have a six-sided rectangular block of stone, there
are 8 possible positions in placing this stone.
If the sides are A,B,C and D and the ends are E and F, then
for end E forward any of the sides A,B,C and D can point upwards and
the same is true for end F forward. If the blocks are perfectly
rectangular or serve no special function, then it does not matter of
course, but this becomes critical for finer construction work.

In the case of the markings at the end of the shaft in the Cheops
Pyramid, the markings surely served as "notes" for the star watchers
who marked the stellar positions visible to them (this of course was
done when the shafts still had an open outlet to the sky at the
position of the secret chamber and before the pyramid was "topped

That some kind of marking was required in order to avoid chaos on the
building site is clear - there are two-and-a-half MILLION blocks of
stone in the Great pyramid - differing in size depending on where
they are and weighing from 2 to 70 tons apiece (see Peter Tompkins,
Secrets of the Great Pyramid).

When people speak of the building of the great pyramids they tend to ignore the problems of simple but necessary logistics. It is not enough just to cut blocks at the quarry - people had to have instructions all along the way - sizing
the stones, transporting the stones to the right spot on the pyramid
and placing the stones at the proper positions. Some kind of
labelling and communication along the entire path from quarry to
pyramid was essential.

What about the purpose of the shafts? Nothing shows the incompetence
of mainstream Egyptology in this field more than their
previous "establishment" view of these shafts as "air ventilaton
shafts" - which is absolute nonsense, and which has been proven as absolute nonsense by the recent discovery of a secret chamber at the end of one of the shafts.

As Tompkins writes in his Secrets of the Great Pyramid (pp. 133-137)
way back in 1971:

"A glance at the outlines and cross sections of the pyramids of
Saqqara, Dashur and Medum will show that, like ancient British
observatories, each had a sighting passage pointed at a northern
star. The passage ended in an observation chamber with a corbeled
roof with a small opening just at ground level, presumably for
sighting a star directly overhead at the zenith, or for lowering a
plumb line to coincide with a line sighted down the sloping passage."

Tompkins wrote that piece long before the books of Bauval and Hancock.

The same closed-mindedness as found in Egyptology is also found in mainstream Archaeology.

Tompkins continues that last paragraph as follows:
"The similarity [of the pyramids] to the structure at Maes-Howe [Orkneys, Scotland] is indeed amazing. Yet Maes-Howe has also been considered as nothing but a burial chamber. A recent writer on Maes-Howe discarded the
theory that the mound might have had astronomical significance,
saying that the belief is accepted by no "serious student of

Indeed, mainstream Egyptologists and archaeologists have taken
delight in calling people who saw astronomical significance in these
constructions as "Pyramidiots".

Let me say clearly and for all the world to hear that the only
Pyramidiots out there are the vast majority of mainstream
Egyptologists and archaeologists.

There are in fact serious issues here. Why in the Great Pyramid do
the shafts bend rather than being perfectly straight Did they use
some kind of reflectors as mirrors - and why? Where were the
measurements made? and at what stages in the course of building the
pyramid were such measurements made? Were corrections made for the motion of stars and resulting displacement in the course of the time it took to build a pyramid?
These are the kinds of questions which the mainstream scientists
should be addressing - not whether these shafts were "air shafts".

Many questions, by the way, are answered by Tompkins in his
book Secrets of the Great Pyramid, in my estimation the best book ever written on the pyramids - though even he has many theories, suppositions,
myths, and errors. But in comparison to the erroneous pablum written
by the Egyptologists and archaeologists up to now, Tompkins is gold.

He is at least "scratching at the truth". The mainstream has
been "scratching away the truth." That is a significant difference.

Cheops Pyramid: The Secret Chamber

Cheops Pyramid: The Secret Chamber

Posted to the LexiLine group files at
are the files
cheops1.gif and .tif
and cheops2.gif and cheops2.tif
showing my decipherment of what was found in the Secret Chamber of Cheops.



On September 17, 2002, nearly 10 years after Rudolf Gantenbrink's
robot discovered a stone slab (with copper and gypsum seals) at the
end of the southern shaft of the Queen's Chamber in the Cheops
Pyramid, a worldwide TV broadcast showed a new high-tech robot
photographing what lay behind the stone slab at the end of the shaft.


What was found was an ancient megalithic wall or a megalith built
into the wall across from the shaft-end stone slab, an ancient
megalith which is a "boulder" carved with figures and itself
standing alone in a small apparently otherwise empty room, and
seemingly blocking the way to another room possibly filled with
informational or worldly treasures.

The result, analyzed here on the same day as the TV program, was a
fantastic, enormous discovery, clearly binding the megalithic age
with the Pyramids - unmistakably CONNECTING the megaliths and the
pyramid builders. The importance of this development has not yet
been recognized by anyone else other than this author.

Furthermore, the September 17, 2002, finding confirmed this author's singular
analysis of the Secret Chamber as being related to the
Westcar Papyrus and the Qumran Copper Scroll. We predicted a seal
would be found - and a large "seal" of megalithic proportions has
indeed been found, guarding another chamber in the Great Pyramid.


Why is this megalith (viz. megalithic wall) a sensation? Because it
is made of rough, carved stone. The ancient pharaohs went to a great
deal of trouble to make smooth stones for the building of the
Pyramid, so why in the innermost secret sanctum of the Great Pyramid
of Cheops do we find a rough megalith apparently guarding another
secret room?


The days of the megalith-builders, as shown by this author at centered around ca. 3117 BC, one kingdom or ca. 684
years prior to the building of the Great Pyramid of Cheops. A
megalith in the Cheops Pyramid would be much older than the pyramids. Does
this mean that the Cheops Pyramid supplanted this ancient megalith
at Giza? Did the Cheops Pyramid take its place?

Was the calender "revised" due to precession - and was this the "revision"
discussed in ancient documents by Gardiner and Erman? Surely it was
so. The Cheops Pyramid replaced the megalith found in the secret
chamber just uncovered. That is why it is there. We must of course
also ask: if an ancient megalith guards a room in the Great Pyramid,
then it surely also guards something ancient - is this also the
legendary Hall of Records? The future will tell.


Most past statements about the secret chamber made by "modern"
mainstream Egyptologists have been proven wrong, wildly wrong. They
did not know what they were talking about, and things have not
gotten better for them after September 17, 2002.

The reason for this is that the Egyptologists do not know or do not wish to accept the actual reason why the Great Pyramid was built - which was for geodetics and astronomy.

Since the Egyptologists have little knowledge in these disciplines by training, they are as a group generally unprepared in any way to judge or analyze any of this new
discovery and one should generally disregard their opinions on it.
They carry no weight. Most Egyptologists are linguists, and nothing
more. Except for perhaps Mr. Zahi Hawass, who is by heart and
soul "The Keeper of the Pyramids", this field is not an Egyptologist's


Being a good researcher means not to overlook things. While everyone
has been concentrating on robots and stone slabs, no one has been
looking at the obvious markings at the end of the shaft near the
stone slab. These markings - in part clearly cup marks - as on many
megaliths around the world - identify the stars to the North, West
and East of the Queens Chamber shaft on the effective "date" of the
building of the Cheops Pyramid, which is July 25, 2430 BC, when
there was a solar eclipse at the Summer Solstice point at sunrise
(ca. 6 a.m.) - the time to which all data apply.

July 25, 2430 BC, 6 a.m. - Positions of the Stars

On July 25, 2430 B.C. starting at ca. 6 a.m. there was a solar
eclipse over the Nile Delta at the Summer Solstice point. Looking
north at this time one finds the North Celestial Pole in the tail of
Draco. In the East, there is a solar eclipse at sunrise below Chort
and Zosma (Duhr) in Leo - this is represented by the importance of
the Sphinx (Leo) and by the lion head found inscribed on the
megalith in the room just behind the stone slab at the end of the
southern shaft from the Queen's Chamber (see the graphic below). In
the West, we find Andromeda and Pegasus. These positions are clearly
marked on the stone blocks above and to the left and right of the
stone slab at the end of the shaft. They tell us the stellar
orientation perfectly.

See the graphics at cheops1. gif or .tif
showing the markings on blocks
of stone above, left and right of the stone slab at the end of the

This stellar location matches the figures found inscribed on the
megalith (viz. megalithic wall) found on September 17, 2002 opposite
the stone slab at the end of the Cheops shaft. The megalith in
entirety has the shape of a lion's head and of course has other
figures carved on it in the interlocking fashion known for megaliths
in the Neolithic era. Each half has a pharaoh's head, with the left
head wearing the crown of Lower Egypt - the DESHRET - and the right
head wearing the crown of Upper Egypt, the P3.

This megalith marks the Milky Way at Cassiopeia and Cepheus (Cheops).

See the files cheops2.gif or .tif
for a graphic showing the
figures inscribed on the megalith (megalithic wall) across from the
Stone Slab in the room discovered in the Cheops Pyramid on September
17, 2002. Next to that graphic is a picture made with Starry Night
Pro and showing the two crowns of Egypt in a heavenly context.


The Cheops Pyramid is the Hebrew Qevia meaning "calendric fixing".

It is the calendric fixing one kingdom or 684 years after the start of the Old
Kingdom which is equal to 18 x 19 x 2 = 684 - as a predictive
multiple of the Saros (18 years) and Metonic (19 years) lunar and
solar cycles. As written long ago by Eusebius "it is all astronomy"
and will continue to be astronomy when the next secret chamber is
opened behind the megalith - though I am not certain that any
additional chamber must exist. The megalith is the required record.

Tuesday, August 10, 2004

Khasekhemwy - What do the Egyptologists Know?

Khasekhemwy - What do the Egyptologists Know?

Without meaning to be disparaging, I myself as a dictionary author
look at entries in other dictionaries for comparison, such as "The
British Museum Dictionary of Ancient Egypt", to see "what is really
known", so e.g. under their entry "Khasekhemwy" where we find the
following RELATIVE text excerpts, all in ONE short article about

"probably his son"
"it has been suggested"
"perhaps also political"
"probably an excessively historical explanation"
"what may have been an iconographic phenomenon"
"debate...hinges partly on the question"
"The picture was once believed to be"
"was thought to refer to another ruler"
"depictions...have been interpreted as evidence"
"generally considered"
"probably the forerunners of the valley temples"
"generally considered"
"poor excavation...has hindered any more definite statement"

Do these people know what they are talking about?


When we look under "literature", it is written in that same work:

"Throughout the Pharaonic period it is often difficult to
distinguish between fictional narratives and accounts of actual
events, and part of this problem stems from a general inability to
recognize the aims and contexts of particular texts."

What happens in the course of time in Egyptology, however, is that
all of these unclear texts, suppositions and assumptions creep into
the mainstream literature, are cited by scholars, citing their
cronies and professors, and then are quoted LATER as fact - even
though originally such alleged facts were just nice suppositions,
supported by little or no evidence, and to which generally no new
supporting knowledge had been added.

As written further under "literature" in the British Museum

"Many such documents are perhaps best regarded as semi-fictional works...."

And so also should one regard Egyptological dictionaries, as "semi-
fictional works", whatever that means. When the Egyptologists KNOW
what they are writing and defining, the definitions and explanations
will look different than they do now.

When you look to have Khasekhemwy "defined" properly , you will find
that best at

When the British Musuem Dictionary "definition" writes of
Khasekhemwy that

"The depictions of slain enemies on the two statues
[one statue shown at the LexiLine pages] have been interpreted as
evidence of military activities during his reign",
you can toss such
nonsense straight into the wastebasket. The Egyptologists on that
score do not know what they are talking about.

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