in Predynastic Egypt - Page 18
One can verify that stars were represented in ancient Egypt by means of small squares - as on the bottom of the front side of the Narmer Palette - by examining the Abydos City Palette, located in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. Also here, we have deciphered the astronomical meaning:
In the graphic above, I have placed the stars of the appropriate constellations beside the corresponding hieroglyphs, for example, the Pleiades, Orion, Cancer, Virgo. Small squares clearly represent stars.
3. The Front Side of the Narmer Palette shows the Solar Eclipse of December 25, 3117 B.C.
The middle part of the front side of the Narmer Palette (figure 12) shows the solar eclipse of December 25, 3117 B.C. Two lion-like animals, who symbolize the sun, are in battle. With their artistically formed overlong intertwined necks, they show the intertwined "O-Form" of the total solar eclipse.