Monday, May 24, 2004

The Nomes of Egypt and Astronomy - A - Identification - ANE BC P4

The Nomes of Egypt and Astronomy - A - Identification - ANE BC P4

The 42 Pharaonic Egyptian Nomes

In our astronomical decipherment of the Nomes of Egypt, which are the ancient earthly "provinces" of Egypt, we go back to the OLDEST Pharaonic sources.

Nomes of Upper Egypt (SOUTH of the Sphinx)

All 22 of the Upper Egypt Nomes are found documented in the Old Kingdom according to Rainer Hannig's Egyptian Dictionary of the Old Kingdom and First Intermediate Period (hereafter "Hannig ED1").

Nomes of Lower Egypt (NORTH of the Sphinx)

For Lower Egypt, we have found only the nomes 3 and 6-16 documented in that same dictionary of oldest sources although 38 Nomes are allegedly known for the Old Kingdom.

42 Nomes of Egypt are Geodetic Regions by Astronomy

As discovered by Andis Kaulins, the total number of 42 Nomes of Egypt - i.e. the 22 Upper Egypt Nomes and the 20 Lower Egypt Nomes - were organized according to the hermetic principle, "As Above, So Below". The ancients used the stars to map the Earth and Ancient Egypt by astronomy, and this mapping (geodetic survey) is visible in the hieroglyphs used as symbols to identify and mark the Egyptian Nomes.

The 42 Temples of Sumer and 42 Megaliths of Arbor Low

The ancient Sumerian Temple Hymns relate to 42 Temples, and we have discovered that these temples are a comparable geodetic survey by astronomy of ancient Sumer which we are in the process of deciphering.

At Arbor Low in Ancient Britain we find an astronomical site with 42 megaliths - which we have deciphered.

The Hieroglyphs for Nome and "Star Group" are Virtually the Same in Transcription

The hieroglyph for NOME in Egyptian [English "province", German Gaue] is transcribed by the Egyptologists as
which is nearly the same as the transcription of
sb3t given by them to the hieroglyph meaning
"STAR, star group, stellar constellation, asterism" (Hannig, ED1, p. 1095-1096) and transliterated erroneously by those Egyptologists as the term sepat.

The Hieroglyphs are Indo-European in Origin

Actually, Pharaonic sb3t is related to the terms SPID and SPIDET in Indo-European, which are the Latvian terms for "shines" and "to shine", and to the Indo-European, e.g. Latvian terms ZIB, ZIBET meaning "to flash, to glitter". That is why the Egyptian hieroglyph for Sirius, the brightest star in the heavens, also reads spdt, which is not at all the artificial word sopdet claimed by the mainstream Egyptologists, but rather this is correctly SPIDET, i.e. "shining star".

Upper Nomes represent Stars above the Ecliptic whereas Lower Nomes represent Stars below the Ecliptic

The Nomes of Upper Egypt represent stars above the ecliptic (the path of the Sun, RA)
whereas the Nomes of Lower Egypt (Nile Delta) represent the stars below that same ecliptic. The Moon and planets also move along the general path of the ecliptic, though not directly on it.

In this posting we first show only the Nomes and their comparable Stellar Regions.
We will go into detailed textual and graphic analysis in subsequent posts.

Upper Nomes and Their Stars

(as shown in the hieroglyphs themselves)

Upper Egypt Nome 1. Chort / Duhr in Leo
Upper Egypt Nome 2. Canes Venatici
Upper Egypt Nome 3. Coma Berenices
Upper Egypt Nome 4. Handle of Ursa Major (the Big Dipper)
Upper Egypt Nome 5. Bo├Âtes
Upper Egypt Nome 6. Libra
Upper Egypt Nome 7. Corona Borealis
Upper Egypt Nome 8. Hercules
Upper Egypt Nome 9. Phallus of Hercules
Upper Egypt Nome 10. Serpens Cauda
Upper Egypt Nome 11. Aquila - Altair
Upper Egypt Nome 12. Tail of Aquarius
Upper Egypt Nome 13. Front of Pegasus
Upper Egypt Nome 14. Back of Pegasus
Upper Egypt Nome 15. Cassiopeia
Upper Egypt Nome 16. Camelopardalis Perseus
Upper Egypt Nome 17. Auriga
Upper Egypt Nome 18. Crossing Ecliptic : Celestial Equator
Upper Egypt Nome 19. Gemini
Upper Egypt Nome 20. Front of the Cup of Ursa Major
Upper Egypt Nome 21. Back of the Cup of Ursa Major
Upper Egypt Nome 22. The Knife of Leo Minor

Lower Nomes and Their Stars

(as shown in the hieroglyphs themselves)

Lower Egypt Nome 1. nu-Hydrae
Lower Egypt Nome 2. Crater
Lower Egypt Nome 3. Corvus
Lower Egypt Nome 4. Spica in Virgo
Lower Egypt Nome 5. V-stars of Centaurus
Lower Egypt Nome 6. V of Horns of Lupus
Lower Egypt Nome 7. West Harpoon of Scorpio
Lower Egypt Nome 8. Middle of Scorpio - East Harpoon of Scorpio
Lower Egypt Nome 9. Staff (Stinger) of Scorpio
Lower Egypt Nome 10. Corona Australis - Sagittarius
Lower Egypt Nome 11. Start of Capricorn
Lower Egypt Nome 12. End of Capricorn
Lower Egypt Nome 13. Aquarius
Lower Egypt Nome 14. Front of Cetus - Diphda
Lower Egypt Nome 15. Achernar - Phoenix
Lower Egypt Nome 16. Menkar ("First of the Fish")
Lower Egypt Nome 17. Taurus - Aldebaran
Lower Egypt Nome 18. Front of Orion
Lower Egypt Nome 19. Back of Orion - Sirius
Lower Egypt Nome 20. Puppis
Lower Egypt Nome 21. No Nome - Break in the Milky Way
Lower Egypt Nome 22. No Nome - Break in the Milky Way

The Origin of the Term Nome

The word NOME was taken from the Greek term Nomos "district" and is found e.g. in Indo-European e.g. Latvian Nams meaning "large building, house, hall", whence also the related ending -onomy meaning "management" viz. "measurement".

The Nome numbering used here at the Ancient Egypt Blog Cheops is the same as is found on the map at page 6 of Shaw and Nicholson's British Museum Dictionary of Ancient Egypt (which nevertheless reflects some grievous errors by the mainstream Egyptologists in the placement of the Nomes of Lower Egypt, e.g. Nr. 8).

Nome Identification in terms of Astronomy

The identification of each nome with a particular area of the heavens - as shown above - is solely the discovery of Andis Kaulins. The Egyptologists generally know nothing of astronomy and that is why they have not made this discovery themselves.

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